History of Thai Hom Mali Rice

There are two varieties of Thai Hom Mali Rice have been grown in Thailand. Only this two varieties are expot to the world market and called Thai Hom Mali Rice. They are Khao Dawk Mali 105 and RD 15. The name and number after name has their meaning and istory. However, these two varieties are relative and closely characters.

In 1950 – 1951, Department of Rice has policy of rice varieties improvement for selecting the outstanding varieties of Thai rice. The purpose was to produce the good quality rice for consumption and commercial. Mr. Sunthorn SiHaNuen, one of the government official, went to the eastern part of Thailand and collected the rice panicles. He can collected 199 panicles of different names of rice varieties. All panicles have been labeled in number and sent to Khoksamrong Rice Research Station. They have been selected for pure line seeds and multiplied seed for distribute to the stations.

In 1957, the pure line seed of Hom Mali rice have been sent to trial in the different regions of Thailand. It was found that the soil and environment of North Eastern part of Thailand has responded to produce the good quality rice production. And the number of 105 (one hundred and five) is the best quality in shape, transparent aroma and cooking quality compared to the quality rice the original.

In 1959, Hom Mali rice number 105 had announced to be the certified rice varieties from Department of Rice in the name of Khao Dawk Mali 105 in 25 of May, 1959. First of all, it has name Khao Dawk Mali 4-2-105 which all number have meaning, 4 means Amphor Bangkla, the location of panicles have been collected, 2 means the name of rice varieties has been collected at the same location, and 105 means the number of panicles have been collected in the same.

Khao Dawk Mali 105 has bloomed in Lopburi for several years. Then it has been conduct to the North Eastern part of Thailand,Burirum, Surin , Srisakhet, Roi-Ed, Yasothorn and Mahasarakham, by the government support for yield trial in farmers’ field. Due to the huge advertising for promotion of this Thai aromatic rice in this part of Thailand, Thai Hom Mali Rice been Known in the world.

The North Eastern(NE) area of Thailand has the specific geography which different from the others regions of Thailand. The lowest soil fertility is in this area. Drought occurs in the early and middle season of crop planting. It is also has land flooding in August or September in mostly every years. This land has the layer of rock salt under the planting soil surface. In the hit period of dry season, you can see the white salt patch on the soil surface,

Jasmine rice
(Thai: ข้าวหอมมะลิ; kao hom mali), sometimes known as Thai fragrant rice, is a long-grain variety of rice that has a nutty aroma and a subtle and pandan-like flavor caused by 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline[1]. Jasmine rice is originally from Thailand. The grains will cling when cooked, though it is less sticky than other rice as it has less amylopectin. Not all importedrice labeled as jasmine is a good grade of the rice. Good quality jasmine rice, when properly steamed, retains a wonderful fragrant aroma and delicious chewy texture so tasty. Even in Thailand, where this aromatic rice originated, the quality can vary considerably depending on where it is grown. The northeastern region of the country has the ideal combination of soil and climatic conditions to produce the best-tasting, most fragrant rice. commonly named Fragrant Pandan / Screwpine Leaf/Leaves. These fragrant leaves are used for flavouring desserts, cakes and. Leaves are also used for wrapping meat or fish before frying, baking or grilling for added fragrance and taste.

History  of Thai Hom Mali Rice